March 23. Friday. 2012. Here we go…
1775 – American Revolutionary War: Patrick Henry delivers his speech – “Give me Liberty, or give me Death!” – at St. John’s Church in Richmond, Virginia.
1806 – After traveling through the Louisiana Purchase and reaching the Pacific Ocean, explorers Lewis and Clark and their “Corps of Discovery” begin their arduous journey home.
1857 – Elisha Otis‘s first elevator is installed at 488 Broadway New York City.
1868 – The University of California is founded in Oakland, California when the Organic Act is signed into law.
1909 – Theodore Roosevelt leaves New York for a post-presidency safari in Africa. The trip is sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and National Geographic Society.
1919 – In Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini founds his Fascist political movement.
1962 – NS Savannah, the first nuclear-powered cargo-passenger ship, is launched as a showcase for Dwight D. Eisenhower‘s Atoms for Peace initiative.
1965 – NASA launches Gemini 3, the United States‘ first two-man space flight (crew: Gus Grissom and John Young).
1983 – Strategic Defense Initiative: President Ronald Reagan makes his initial proposal to develop technology to intercept enemy missiles.
1989 – Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann announce their discovery of cold fusion at the University of Utah.
1994 – A United States Air Force (USAF) F-16 aircraft collides with a USAF C-130 at Pope Air Force Base and then crashes, killing 24 United States Army soldiers on the ground. This later became known as the Green Ramp disaster.
2005 – Texas City Refinery explosion: During a test on a distillation tower liquid waste builds up and flows out of a blowout tower. Waste fumes ignite and explode killing 15 workers.
1905 – Joan Crawford, American actress (d. 1977)
1953 – Chaka Khan, American singer
1954 – Kenneth Cole, American fashion designer
1949 – Ric Ocasek, American musician (The Cars)
1964 – Peter Lorre, Hungarian-born actor (b. 1904)
2011 – Elizabeth Taylor, English-American actress (b. 1932)