Sorry, no silly April Fool’s jokes today, folks… Sunday, April 1. 2012. Here’s what’s happened today in past years on this day…
1789 – In New York City, the United States House of Representatives holds its first quorum and elects Frederick Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania as its first House Speaker.
1826 – Samuel Morey patents the internal combustion engine.
1854 – Hard Times begins serialisation in Charles Dickens‘ magazine, Household Words.
1865 – American Civil War: Battle of Five Forks – In Siege of Petersburg, Confederate General Robert E. Lee begins his final offensive.
1891 – The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
1893 – The rank of Chief Petty Officer in the United States Navy is established.
1924 – Adolf Hitler is sentenced to five years in jail for his participation in the “Beer Hall Putsch“. However, he spends only nine months in jail, during which he writes Mein Kampf.
1944 – Navigation errors lead to an accidental American bombing of the Swiss city of Schaffhausen.
1945 – World War II: Operation Iceberg – United States troops land on Okinawa in the last campaign of the war.
1954 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes the creation of the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado.
1960 – The TIROS-1 satellite transmits the first television picture from space.
1967 – The United States Department of Transportation begins operation.
Jobs / Woz
1970 – President Richard Nixon signs the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act into law, requiring the Surgeon General‘s warnings on tobacco products and banning cigarette advertisements on television and radio in the United States, starting on January 1, 1971.
1976 – Apple Inc. is formed by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak.
1976 – Conrail takes over operations from six bankrupt railroads in the Northeastern U.S..
1997 – Comet Hale-Bopp is seen passing over perihelion.
2001 – An EP-3E United States Navy surveillance aircraft collides with a Chinese People’s Liberation Army Shenyang J-8 fighter jet. The Navy crew makes an emergency landing in Hainan, People’s Republic of China and is detained.
2011 – After protests against the burning of the Quran turned violent, a mob attacked a United Nations compound in Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan and killed thirteen people, including eight foreign workers.
1932 – Debbie Reynolds, American actress
1939 – Ali MacGraw, American actress
1939 – Phil Niekro, American baseball player
1950 – Samuel Alito, American lawyer and jurist
1952 – Annette O’Toole, American actress
1955 – Terry Nichols, American convicted accomplice in the Oklahoma City bombing
1917 – Scott Joplin, American musician and composer (b. 1868)
1984 – Marvin Gaye, American singer (The Moonglows) (b. 1939)