Late to the game, today. My apologies for those who read this daily column.
Here’s what happened today in history, April 10:
837 – Halley’s Comet and Earth experienced their closest approach to one another when their separating distance equalled 0.0342 AU (3.2 million miles).
1606 – The Charter of the Virginia Company of London is established by royal charter by James I of England with the purpose of establishing colonial settlements in North America.
1815 – The Mount Tambora volcano begins a three-month-long eruption, lasting until July 15. The eruption ultimately kills 71,000 people and affects Earth’s climate for the next two years.
1816 – The United States Government approves the creation of the Second Bank of the United States.
1865 – American Civil War: A day after his surrender to Union forces, Confederate General Robert E. Lee addresses his troops for the last time.
1874 – The first Arbor Day is celebrated in Nebraska.
1904 – British mystic Aleister Crowley transcribes the third and final chapter of The Book of The Law.
1912 – The Titanic leaves port in Southampton, England for her first and only voyage.
1916 – The Professional Golfers Association of America (PGA) is created in New York City.
1925 – The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald is first published in New York City, by Charles Scribner’s Sons.
1941 – World War II: The Axis Powers in Europe establish the Independent State of Croatia from occupied Yugoslavia with Ante Pavelić‘s Ustaše fascist insurgents in power.
1953 – Warner Brothers premieres the first 3-D film from a major American studio, entitled House of Wax.
1957 – The Suez Canal is reopened for all shipping after being closed for three months.
1963 – 129 people die when the submarine USS Thresher sinks at sea.
1970 – Paul McCartney announces that he leaves The Beatles for personal and professional reasons.
1971 – Ping Pong Diplomacy: In an attempt to thaw relations with the United States, the People’s Republic of China hosts the U.S. table tennis team for a weeklong visit.
1972 – Vietnam War: For the first time since November 1967, American B-52 bombers reportedly begin bombing North Vietnam.
1972 – Seventy-four nations sign the Biological Weapons Convention, the first multilateral disarmament treaty banning the production of biological weapons.
1979 – Red River Valley Tornado Outbreak: A tornado lands in Wichita Falls, Texas killing 42 people.
1847 – Joseph Pulitzer, American journalist and publisher (d. 1911)
1915 – Harry Morgan, American actor (d. 2011)
1929 – Max von Sydow, Swedish actor
1932 – Omar Sharif, Egyptian actor
1936 – John Madden, American football coach and broadcaster
1938 – Don Meredith, American football player and broadcaster (d. 2010)
1950 – Ken Griffey, Sr., American baseball player
1952 – Steven Seagal, Americian actor and martial artist
1959 – Brian Setzer, American musician (Stray Cats)
1984 – Mandy Moore, American singer/actor
1992 – Sam Kinison, American comedian (b. 1953)