Thursday, April 12. What happened today in history, that I found interesting? Here we go:
1776 – American Revolution: With the Halifax Resolves, the North Carolina Provincial Congress authorizes its Congressional delegation to vote for independence from Britain.
1861 – American Civil War: The war begins with Confederate forces firing on Fort Sumter, in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina.
1862 – American Civil War: The Andrews Raid (the Great Locomotive Chase) occurred, starting from Big Shanty, Georgia (now Kennesaw).
1864 – American Civil War: The Fort Pillow massacre: Confederate forces kill most of the African American soldiers that surrendered at Fort Pillow, Tennessee.
1865 – American Civil War: Mobile, Alabama, falls to the Union Army.
1934 – The strongest surface wind gust in the world at 231 mph, is measured on the summit of Mount Washington, New Hampshire.
1934 – The U.S. Auto-Lite Strike begins, culminating in a five-day melee between Ohio National Guard troops and 6,000 strikers and picketers.
1945 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies while in office; vice-president Harry Truman is sworn in as the 33rd President.
1955 – The polio vaccine, developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, is declared safe and effective.
1968 – Nerve gas accident at Skull Valley, Utah.
1981 – The first launch of a Space Shuttle (Columbia) launches on the STS-1 mission.
1990 – Jim Gary‘s “Twentieth Century Dinosaurs” exhibition opens at the Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C.
1994 – Canter & Siegel post the first commercial mass Usenet spam.
1999 – US President Bill Clinton is cited for contempt of court for giving “intentionally false statements” in a sexual harassment civil lawsuit.
1777 – Henry Clay, American statesman (d. 1852)
1932 – Tiny Tim, American musician (d. 1996)
1940 – Herbie Hancock, American musician and composer
1946 – Ed O’Neill, American actor
1947 – Tom Clancy, American author
1947 – David Letterman, American talk show host
1950 – David Cassidy, American singer and actor
1956 – Andy García, Cuban-born actor
1945 – Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States (b. 1882)
2009 – Marilyn Chambers, American pornographic actress (b. 1952)