Monday, April 16. Here’s what we’ve got in history today:
1818 – The United States Senate ratifies the Rush-Bagot Treaty, establishing the border with Canada.
1862 – American Civil War: The Battle at Lee’s Mills in Virginia.
1862 – American Civil War: The District of Columbia Compensated Emancipation Act, a bill ending slavery in the District of Columbia, becomes law.
1863 – American Civil War: The Siege of Vicksburg – ships led by Union Admiral David Dixon Porter move through heavy Confederate artillery fire on approach to Vicksburg, Mississippi.
1881 – In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle.
Natural Bridges National Monument
1908 – Natural Bridges National Monument is established in Utah.
1912 – Harriet Quimby becomes the first woman to fly an airplane across the English Channel.
1941 – World War II: The Italian convoy Duisburg, directed to Tunisia, is attacked and destroyed by British ships.
1941 – Bob Feller of the Cleveland Indians throws the only Opening Day no-hitter in the history of Major League Baseball, beating the Chicago White Sox 1-0.
1945 – The United States Army liberates Nazi Sonderlager (high security) prisoner-of-war camp Oflag IV-C (better known as Colditz).
1945 – More than 7,000 die when the German refugee ship Goya is sunk by a Soviet submarine torpedo.
1947 – Texas City Disaster: An explosion on board a freighter in port causes the city of Texas City, Texas, to catch fire, killing almost 600.
1947 – Bernard Baruch coins the term “Cold War” to describe the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union.
1962 – Walter Cronkite takes over as the lead news anchor of the CBS Evening News, during which time he would become “the most trusted man in America”.
1963 – Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. pens his Letter from Birmingham Jail while incarcerated in Birmingham, Alabama for protesting against segregation.
1972 – Apollo program: The launch of Apollo 16 from Cape Canaveral, Florida.
1990 – The “Doctor of Death”, Jack Kevorkian, participates in his first assisted suicide.
2007 – Virginia Tech massacre: The deadliest spree shooting in modern American history. Seung-Hui Cho, kills 32 and injures 23 before committing suicide.
1889 – Charlie Chaplin, English actor and filmmaker (d. 1977)
1921 – Peter Ustinov, English actor (d. 2004)
1927 – Edie Adams, American actress (d. 2008)
1947 – Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, American basketball player
1946 – Arthur Chevrolet, Swiss-born race car driver and automobile designer (b. 1884)
1947 – Rudolf Höß, commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp (b. 1900)
1994 – Ralph Ellison, American writer (b. 1913)
2002 – Robert Urich, American actor (b. 1946)