255 days left this year. April 20. Friday. Here we go:
1775 – American Revolutionary War: the Siege of Boston begins, following the battles at Lexington and Concord.
1836 – U.S. Congress passes an act creating the Wisconsin Territory.
1861 – American Civil War: Robert E. Lee resigns his commission in the United States Army in order to command the forces of the state of Virginia.
1862 – Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard complete the first pasteurization tests.
1871 – The Civil Rights Act of 1871 becomes law.
1912 – Opening day for baseball‘s Tiger Stadium in Detroit, Michigan, and Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts.
1914 – 19 men, women, and children die in the Ludlow Massacre during a Colorado coal-miner’s strike.
1916 – The Chicago Cubs play their first game at Weeghman Park (currently Wrigley Field), defeating the Cincinnati Reds 7-6 in 11 innings.
1926 – Western Electric and Warner Bros. announce Vitaphone, a process to add sound to film.
1939 – Adolf Hitler’s 50th birthday is celebrated as a national holiday in Nazi Germany.
1939 – Billie Holiday records the first Civil Rights song “Strange Fruit“.
1945 – World War II: US troops capture Leipzig, Germany, only to later cede the city to the Soviet Union.
1945 – World War II: Fuehrerbunker: Adolf Hitler makes his last trip to the surface to award Iron Crosses to boy soldiers of the Hitler Youth.
1946 – The League of Nations officially dissolves, giving most of its power to the United Nations.
1961 – Failure of the Bay of Pigs Invasion of US-backed troops against Cuba.
1972 – Apollo 16, commanded by John Young, lands on the moon.
1985 – The ATF raids The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord compound in northern Arkansas.
1999 – Columbine High School massacre: Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 13 people and injure 24 others before committing suicide at Columbine High School in Jefferson County, Colorado.
2007 – Johnson Space Center Shooting: A man with a handgun barricades himself in NASA‘s Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas before killing a male hostage and himself.
2010 – The Deepwater Horizon oil well explodes in the Gulf of Mexico, killing twelve workers and beginning an oil spill that would last six months.
1889 – Adolf Hitler, Dictator of Nazi Germany (d. 1945)
1920 – John Paul Stevens, American jurist
1941 – Ryan O’Neal, American actor
1949 – Jessica Lange, American actress
1961 – Don Mattingly, American baseball player
1964 – Crispin Glover, American actor
1999 – Eric David Harris, perpetrator of the Columbine High massacre (b. 1981)
1999 – Dylan Klebold, perpetrator of the Columbine High massacre (b. 1981)