April 22. Sunday. 2012. These events were what I found interesting that happened today in history:
1836 – Texas Revolution: A day after the Battle of San Jacinto, forces under Texas General Sam Houston capture Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
1863 – American Civil War: Grierson’s Raid begins – troops under Union Army Colonel Benjamin Grierson attack central Mississippi.
1864 – The U.S. Congress passes the Coinage Act of 1864 that mandates that the inscription In God We Trust be placed on all coins minted as United States currency.
1876 – The first ever National League is played in Philadelphia.
1889 – At high noon, thousands rush to claim land in the Land Run of 1889. Within hours the cities of Oklahoma City and Guthrie are formed with populations of at least 10,000.
1898 – Spanish-American War: The United States Navy begins a blockade of Cuban ports and the USS Nashville captures a Spanish merchant ship.
1945 – World War II: Führerbunker: After learning that Soviet forces have taken Eberswalde without a fight, Adolf Hitler admits defeat in his underground bunker and states that suicide is his only recourse.
1954 – Red Scare: Witnesses begin testifying and live television coverage of the Army-McCarthy Hearings begins.
1964 – The 1964-1965 New York World’s Fair opens for its first season.
1970 – The first Earth Day is celebrated.
1972 – Vietnam War: Increased American bombing in Vietnam prompts anti-war protests in Los Angeles, New York City, and San Francisco.
1983 – The German magazine Der Stern claims that the “Hitler Diaries” had been found in wreckage in East Germany; the diaries are subsequently revealed to be forgeries.
2000 – In a pre-dawn raid, federal agents seize six-year-old Elián González from his relatives’ home in Miami, Florida.
2008 – The United States Air Force retires the remaining F-117 Nighthawk aircraft in service.
1906 – Eddie Albert, American actor (d. 2005)
1923 – Bettie Page, American model (d. 2008)
1923 – Aaron Spelling, American television producer (d. 2006)
1936 – Glen Campbell, American musician
1937 – Jack Nicholson, American actor
1944 – Steve Fossett, American adventurer (d. 2007)
1950 – Peter Frampton, English musician
1952 – Marilyn Chambers, American pornographic actress (d. 2009)
1984 – Ansel Adams, American photographer (b. 1902)
1994 – Richard Nixon, 37th President of the United States (b. 1913)
1996 – Erma Bombeck, American humorist (b. 1927)
2002 – Linda Lovelace, American porn actress (b. 1949)
2004 – Pat Tillman, American football player and U.S. Army Ranger (killed in action) (b. 1976)