Wednesday, April 4, 2012. Here’s what I found interesting that happened today in history:
1147 – First historical record of Moscow.
Sir Francis Drake
1581 – Francis Drake is knighted for completing a circumnavigation of the world.
1812 – U.S. President James Madison enacted a ninety-day embargo on trade with the United Kingdom.
1818 – The United States Congress adopts the flag of the United States with 13 red and white stripes and one star for each state (then 20).
1841 – William Henry Harrison dies of pneumonia becoming the first President of the United States to die in office and the one with the shortest term served.
1850 – Los Angeles, California is incorporated as a city.
1859 – Bryant’s Minstrels debut “Dixie” in New York City in the finale of a blackface minstrel show.
1865 – American Civil War: A day after Union forces capture Richmond, Virginia, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln visits the Confederate capital.
1873 – The Kennel Club is founded, the oldest and first official registry of purebred dogs in the world.
1887 – Argonia, Kansas elects Susanna M. Salter as the first female mayor in the United States.
1933 – USS Akron (ZRS-4) wrecked off the New Jersey coast due to severe weather.
1944 – World War II: First bombardment of Bucharest by Anglo-American forces kills 3000 civilians.
1945 – World War II: American troops liberate Ohrdruf forced labor camp in Germany.
1945 – World War II: American troops capture Kassel.
1949 – Twelve nations sign the North Atlantic Treaty creating the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
1964 – The Beatles occupy the top five positions on the Billboard Hot 100 pop chart.
1967 – Martin Luther King, Jr. delivers his “Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence” speech in New York City‘s Riverside Church.
1968 – Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated by James Earl Ray at a motel in Memphis, Tennessee.
1968 – Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 6.
1969 – Dr. Denton Cooley implants the first temporary artificial heart.
1973 – The World Trade Center in New York is officially dedicated.
1975 – Microsoft is founded as a partnership between Bill Gates and Paul Allen in Albuquerque, New Mexico.
1975 – Vietnam War: Operation Baby Lift – A United States Air Force C-5A Galaxy crashes near Saigon, South Vietnam shortly after takeoff, transporting orphans – 172 die.
1983 – Space Shuttle Challenger makes its maiden voyage into space (STS-6).
1984 – President Ronald Reagan calls for an international ban on chemical weapons.
1988 – Governor Evan Mecham of Arizona is convicted in his impeachment trial and removed from office.
1991 – Senator John Heinz of Pennsylvania and six others are killed when a helicopter collides with their plane over an elementary school in Merion, Pennsylvania.
1994 – Marc Andreessen and Jim Clark found Netscape Communications Corporation under the name “Mosaic Communications Corporation”.
1996 – Comet Hyakutake is imaged by the USA Asteroid Orbiter Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous.
1913 – Muddy Waters, American musician (d. 1983)
1932 – Richard Lugar, American politician
1932 – Anthony Perkins, American actor (d. 1992)
1944 – Craig T. Nelson, American actor
1965 – Robert Downey, Jr., American actor
1979 – Heath Ledger, Australian actor (d. 2008)
1929 – Karl Benz, German engine designer, inventor, and automobile engineer (b. 1844)
1968 – Martin Luther King, Jr., American civil rights activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1929)