Saturday, April 7. What happened in history on this date that I found interesting? Here you go:
1521 – Ferdinand Magellan arrives at Cebu.
1776 – Captain John Barry and the USS Lexington captures the Edward.
1788 – American Pioneers to the Northwest Territory arrive at the confluence of the Ohio and Muskingum rivers, establishing Marietta, Ohio, as the first permanent American settlement of the newUnited States in the Northwest Territory, and opening the westward expansion of the new country.
1798 – The Mississippi Territory is organized from disputed territory claimed by both the United States and Spain. It is expanded in 1804 and again in 1812.
1805 – Lewis and Clark Expedition: The Corps of Discovery breaks camp among the Mandan tribe and resumes its journey West along the Missouri River.
1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Shiloh ends – the Union Army under General Ulysses S. Grant defeats the Confederates near Shiloh, Tennessee.
1927 – First distance public television broadcast (from Washington, D.C., to New York City, displaying the image of Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover).
1933 – Prohibition is repealed for beer of no more than 3.2% alcohol by weight, eight months before the ratification of the XXI amendment.
1940 – Booker T. Washington becomes the first African American to be depicted on a United States postage stamp.
1943 – Holocaust: In Terebovlia, Ukraine, Germans order 1,100 Jews to undress to their underwear and march through the city of Terebovlia to the nearby village of Plebanivka where they are shot dead and buried in ditches.
1943 – Ioannis Rallis becomes collaborationist Prime Minister of Greece during the WWII Axis Occupation.
1945 – World War II: The Japanese battleship Yamato, the largest battleship ever constructed, is sunk by American planes 200 miles north of Okinawa while en-route to a suicide mission in Operation Ten-Go.
1945 – World War II: Visoko is liberated by the 7th, 9th, and 17th Krajina brigades from the Tenth division of Yugoslav Partisan forces.
1948 – The World Health Organization is established by the United Nations.
1954 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower gives his “domino theory” speech during a news conference.
1964 – IBM announces the System/360.
1967 – Film critic Roger Ebert published his very first film review in the Chicago Sun Times.
1969 – The Internet‘s symbolic birth date: publication of RFC 1.
1971 – President Richard Nixon announces his decision to increase the rate of American troop withdrawals from Vietnam.
1978 – Development of the neutron bomb is canceled by President Jimmy Carter.
1983 – During STS-6, astronauts Story Musgrave and Don Peterson perform the first space shuttle spacewalk.
1985 – Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev declares a moratorium on the deployment of middle-range missiles in Europe.
1990 – Iran Contra Affair: John Poindexter is found guilty of five charges for his part in the scandal (the conviction is later reversed on appeal).
1994 – Auburn Calloway attempts to hijack FedEx Express Flight 705 and crash it to insure his family with his life insurance policy. The crew subdues him and lands the aircraft safely.
1999 – The World Trade Organization rules in favor of the United States in its long-running trade dispute with the European Union over bananas.
2001 – Mars Odyssey is launched.
2003 – U.S. troops capture Baghdad; Saddam Hussein‘s regime falls two days later.
Francis Ford Coppola
1770 – William Wordsworth, English poet (d. 1850)
1938 – Jerry Brown, American politician
1939 – Francis Ford Coppola, American film director
1954 – Jackie Chan, Chinese actor, director, producer, and martial artist
1954 – Tony Dorsett, American football player
1964 – Russell Crowe, New Zealand actor
1663 – Francis Cooke, Mayflower pilgrim (b. c.1583)
1891 – P. T. Barnum, American circus impresario (b. 1810)
1947 – Henry Ford, American automobile manufacturer and industrialist (b. 1863)
2004 – Victor Argo, American actor (b. 1934)