Saturday, May 12. 2012. 233 days left in the year…
1780 – American Revolutionary War: In the largest defeat of the Continental Army, Charleston, South Carolina is taken by British forces.
1862 – U.S. federal troops occupy Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Raymond: two divisions of James B. McPherson‘s XVII Corps (ACW) turn the left wing of Confederate General John C. Pemberton‘s defensive line on Fourteen Mile Creek, opening up the interior of Mississippi to the Union Army during the Vicksburg Campaign.
1864 – American Civil War: the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House: thousands of Union and Confederate soldiers die in “the Bloody Angle”.
1865 – American Civil War: the Battle of Palmito Ranch: the first day of the last major land action to take place during the Civil War, resulting in a Confederate victory.
1932 – Ten weeks after his abduction Charles Jr., the infant son of Charles Lindbergh is found dead in Hopewell, New Jersey, just a few miles from the Lindberghs’ home.
1935 – Bill Wilson and Dr. Bob Smith (founders of Alcoholics Anonymous) meet for the first time in Akron, Ohio, at the home of Henrietta Siberling.
1942 – Holocaust: 1,500 Jews are sent to gas chambers in Auschwitz.
1958 – A formal North American Aerospace Defense Command agreement is signed between the United States and Canada.
1962 – Douglas MacArthur delivers his Duty, Honor, Country valedictory speech at the United States Military Academy.
1968 – Vietnam War: North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces attack Australian troops defending Fire Support Base Coral, east of Lai Khe in South Vietnam on the night of 12/13 May, resulting in heavy casualties on both sides and beginning the Battle of Coral-Balmoral.
2002 – Former US President Jimmy Carter arrives in Cuba for a five-day visit with Fidel Castro becoming the first President of the United States, in or out of office, to visit the island since Castro’s 1959 revolution.
2003 – The Riyadh compound bombings, carried out by Al Qaeda, kill 26 people.
2003 – Fifty-nine Democratic lawmakers bring the Texas Legislature to a standstill by going into hiding in a dispute over a Republican congressional redistricting plan.
2008 – U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement conducts the largest-ever raid of workplace and arrests nearly 400 immigrants for identity theft and document fraud.
1850 – Henry Cabot Lodge, U.S. statesman (d. 1924)
1889 – Otto Frank, father of Anne Frank (d. 1980)
1907 – Katharine Hepburn, American actress (d. 2003)
1918 – Julius Rosenberg, American-born spy for the Soviet Union (d. 1953)
1918 – Mary Kay Ash, American businesswoman (d. 2001)
1925 – Yogi Berra, American baseball player
1936 – Tom Snyder, American television personality (d. 2007)
1937 – George Carlin, American comedian (d. 2008)
1948 – Steve Winwood, British musician (The Spencer Davis Group; Traffic)
1950 – Gabriel Byrne, Irish actor
1950 – Billy Squier, American singer and musician
1959 – Ving Rhames, American actor
1961 – Paul Begala, American political commentator
1962 – Emilio Estevez, American actor
1966 – Stephen Baldwin, American actor
1970 – Jim Furyk, American golfer
1889 – John Cadbury, English chocolate entrepreneur (b. 1801)
1978 – Robert Coogan, American actor (b. 1924)
2001 – Perry Como, American singer (b. 1912)
2002 – Joseph Bonanno, Italian-born gangster (b. 1905)